22 Nov, 2017 | 3 Rabiul Awal, 1439 AH

Assalaamualaikum.Should a female doctor must do purdah of face while practising.My concern is some of the hospitals put some conditions that female doctor should not cover their face while practising

Assalaamualaikum.Should a female doctor must do
 
purdah of face while practising.My concern is some of
 
the hospitals put some conditions that female doctor
 
should not cover their face while practicing.
 
Answer with All Praises and Supplications to Allah
 
It is mandatory for women to observe Purdah from Non-mehram men. Purdah for
 
women has been stressed upon and strictly emphasized repeatedly in Quran and
 
Hadith. In Holy Quran, there are seven instances and Ayats where Pudrah for
 
women has been emphasized. 3x Ayaats in Sura-e- Noor and 4x Ayaats in Sura-
 
e- Aihzab.similarly, there are around more than 70x Ahaadith of Hazrat
 
Muhammad (Sallallaho Elahi Waalihi Wassalam) in which emphasis id laid upon
 
for Purdah for women, may those be amongst clear cut instructions in words of
 
Hazrat Muhammad (Sallallaho Elahi Waalihi Wassalam) or instructions through
 
his actions (Qaauli or Amli instructions both).
 
Few of the Ayaats from Quran are reproduced here :
 
(1)
 
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لِأَزْوَاجِكَ وَبَنَاتِكَ وَنِسَاءِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ يُدْنِينَ
 
عَلَيْهِنَّ مِنْ جَلَابِيبِهِنَّ(الاحزاب،۵۹)
 
O Prophet! Tell your wives, and your daughters, and the women of the believers,
 
to lengthen their garments. (Aihzaab:59).
 
(2) In another Ayat, with relevance to wives of Prophet Hazrat Muhammad
 
(Sallallaho Elahi Waalihi Wassalam), muslims are being taught:
 
وَإِذَا سَأَلْتُمُوهُنَّ مَتَاعًا فَاسْأَلُوهُنَّ مِنْ وَرَاءِ
 
حِجَابٍ(ایضا،۵۳)
 
Translation:
 
And when you ask his wives for something, ask them from behind a screen۔
 
(Aihzaab:53)
 
This is second important instructions for Islamic society and through this Purdah
 
for women is made Wajib in Islam. Sheikh Ibn-ul- Baaz Rehmatullah Elahi (a very
 
renowned Islamic scholar) says:
 
فهذه الآية الكريمة نص واضح في وجوب تحجب النساء عن الرجال وتسترهن منهم(رسالة الحجاب،۵۰)
 
[Translation: This ayat is explicit and clear cut instructions/ruling on enforcement
 
of Purdah of women from men ] [Rissal-tul- Hijjab;50].
 
And after revelation of ‘Ayaat-e- Hijab’ Hazrat Muhammad (Sallallaho Elahi
 
Waalihi Wassalam) immediately ensured Purdah of Women [family of Hazrat
 
Muhammad (Sallallaho Elahi Waalihi Wassalam)] from Hazrat Anas (Razzi Allah
 
ho anho).
 
(ففی الحدیث : فجاء حتى دخل، فذهبت أدخل، فألقى [الحجاب]بيني وبينه)
 
(3) In Suar-e- Noor, instructions on Purdah of women from men has been
 
comprehensively covered in one of the Ayat:
 
{وَقُل لِّلْمُؤْمِنَاتِ يَغْضُضْنَ مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِنَّ وَيَحْفَظْنَ فُرُوجَهُنَّ
 
وَلاَ يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلاَّ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَلْيَضْرِبْنَ بِخُمُرِهِنَّ
 
عَلَى جُيُوبِهِنَّ وَلاَ يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلاَّ لِبُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْءَابَآئِهِنَّ
 
أَوْءَابَآءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَآئِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَآءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ إِخْوَانِهِنَّ
 
أَوْ بَنِي إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي أَخَوَتِهِنَّ أَوْ نِسَآئِهِنَّ أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ
 
أَيْمَانُهُنَّ أَوِ التَّابِعِينَ غَيْرِ أُوْلِى الإِرْبَةِ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ أَوِ الطِّفْلِ
 
الَّذِينَ لَمْ يَظْهَرُواْ عَلَى عَوْرَاتِ النِّسَآءِ وَلاَ يَضْرِبْنَ
 
بِأَرْجُلِهِنَّ لِيُعْلَمَ مَا يُخْفِينَ مِن زِينَتِهِنَّ وَتُوبُواْ إِلَى اللَّهِ جَمِيعاً
 
أَيُّهَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ}
 
(النور: 31) .
 
Translation:
 
And tell the believing women to restrain their looks, and to guard their privates,
 
and not display their beauty except what is apparent thereof, and to draw their
 
coverings over their breasts, and not expose their beauty except to their
 
husbands, their fathers, their husbands' fathers, their sons, their husbands' sons,
 
their brothers, their brothers' sons, their sisters' sons, their women, what their
 
right hands possess, their male attendants who have no sexual desires, or
 
children who are not yet aware of the nakedness of women. And they should not
 
strike their feet to draw attention to their hidden beauty. And repent to God, all of
 
you believers, so that you may succeed [Sura-e Noor; 31] .
 
(4) In another Ayat, Wives of Hazrat Muhammad (Sallallaho Elahi Waalihi
 
Wassalam)] are being addressed as:
 
{يَا نِسَاءَ النَّبِيِّ لَسْتُنَّ كَأَحَدٍ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ إِنِ اتَّقَيْتُنَّ فَلا تَخْضَعْنَ بِالْقَوْلِ فَيَطْمَعَ الَّذِي فِي قَلْبِهِ
 
مَرَضٌ وَقُلْنَ قَوْلا مَعْرُوفًا - وَقَرْنَ فِي بُيُوتِكُنَّ وَلَا تَبَرَّجْنَ تَبَرُّجَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ الْأُولَى وَأَقِمْنَ
 
الصَّلَاةَ وآتِينَ الزَّكَاةَ وَأَطِعْنَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ}
 
(النور:32-33)
 
Translation:
 
O wives of the Prophet! You are not like any other women, if you observe piety.
 
So do not speak too softly, lest the sick at heart lusts after you, but speak in an
 
appropriate manner. And settle in your homes; and do not display yourselves, as
 
in the former days of ignorance. And perform the prayer, and give regular charity,
 
and obey God and His Messenger.
 
(Aihzaab:53).
 
The summary of facts mentioned above is that Women must observe Purdah
 
from Na-mehram men and avoid their company in isolation. Therefore, Lady
 
Doctors must observe Purdah. With regard to hospital authorities who are
 
stopping lady doctors to observe Purdah, they are not permissible to give such
 
instructions because rulings and instructions on Purdah of women form men is
 
the order of Allah SWT. No one can change and challenge the orders and
 
instructions of Allah SWT.